It argues that immigration policy is cyclical, ranging from very open to very closed borders. The motivation for improving the collection of performance measures is principally driven by the need to better assess the efficacy and cost effectiveness of programs and to meet federal grant requirements and the performance based budgeting requirements being implemented by many states. Grigorenko weaves her first-hand experiences and strategies into this unique text. Will immigrants bolster values that have promoted economic development or will they undermine them? Briggs spells out how the nation's immigration policies consist of a hodge-podge of ineffective, counter productive, and special interest provisions, born from more than forty years of dubious political compromises, rather than serving the national interest. Reviews of these foundational theorists are supplemented by more contemporary students of democracy including A. The data indicate that political culture exerted an independent impact on total state and local spending in the 1990s, even after controlling for commonly cited economic, political, and demographic variables. We believe the product of two disciplinary approaches has produced a collective outcome that is greater than the sum of individual parts would have been.
Although other variables undoubtedly influence policy outputs, this study suggests that the role of political culture should not be ignored and may be very useful for explaining policy variations that exist between jurisdictions. An immigrant from Russia, Dr. These perspectives in turn influence the degree to which specific options such as guest workers, amnesty, specialized skill, family unification, border enforcement, employer sanctions or political asylum are prioritized. The main topics covered include illegality, mercy and the language of deservingness; transnationality; family and identity; refugees and asylum-seekers. Bureaucratic autonomy, even if it leads to efficiency, is viewed as a potential menace to the values of responsiveness and government by consent of the governed. Tentative conclusions are finally offered in regard to impeachment's impact on trust in government. High-profile cases that are discussed in the chapter highlight the need to assure greater accountability for questionable actions of law enforcement officials.
In addition, the impact of the Clinton impeachment on major institutions is addressed. This article will describe efforts at reality construction that surrounded the response to Hurricane Katrina. A few political studies of immigration were conducted in the 1970s Castles and Kosack 1973; Freeman 1979 , however, migration studies remained on the margins of political science until the 1990s. The book will examine how the United States has dealt with immigration through enactment of various public policies over time. Like other states, Iowa has recently looked to gambling as source of economic development.
It argues that immigration policy is cyclical, ranging from very open to very closed borders. And, is, on net, the United States benefiting from immigration? Evidence in this study indicates that budgetary behavior in New York and Cleveland was related to the abundance or scarcity of resources. We believe the product of two disciplinary approaches has produced a collective outcome that is greater than the sum of individual parts would have been. Moreover, it asserts that it is difficult to measure the heterogeneous contributions of immigrants and therefore cost-benefit type assessments of immigration are limited. Finally, which policies will lead to the optimal level of immigration and will these policies be supported by the populace? A variety of theoretical perspectives provide insight into immigration.
The chapter describes these questionable acts. Chapter 3 presents an analytical model, based on economics, Chapters 4 and 5 summarize empirical census data related to im- grants, and Chapter 6 reviews the legislative and political history of immigration. He demonstrates that in this nation of immigrants the American Right did not emerge form postfeudal parties of privilege or from the social chaos that bred a Hitler of Mussolini in Europe. Although politicians may pass legislation, the subject of bureaucratic implementation or lack thereof remains an area of vital concern. Such behavior may even have been adopted as standard operating procedures by bureaucrats seeking personal gain. The combination of rigorous data analysis and engaging, qualitative narrative make this book's contribution to the debate on immigration policy in the United States unique.
Introduction ; Literature on cultural impact of immigrants ; Description and analysis of data ; Self-employment entrepreneurship ; Conclusions ; Case 5. Historical abuses under Director J. Collaboration can be a painful process, especially between authors of different disciplines. Chapter 3 presents an analytical model, based on economics, Chapters 4 and 5 summarize empirical census data related to im- grants, and Chapter 6 reviews the legislative and political history of immigration. Debate rages about the viability of current immigration policies in the United States.
An alternative model is presented where constituents defer to the expertise of careerists in organizations. Many federal government agencies operate with relatively little external oversight in an environment that can produce violations of constitutional rights as well as outright fraud. In addition, society suffers from the lost productivity of veterans. Introduction ; Immigration policy in Commonwealth nations ; Immigration and immigration policy in Western European nations ; Immigration policy in Western European nations ; Case 7. Lindsay, Dennis Thompson, Robert Dahl, and Carole Pateman. They therefore are manipulated and controlled by others who possess more resources and influence.
The goal of the book is to provide some individual depth to the larger discussion of immigration that typically is carried out at the 'macro' level. Most of the book, but es- cially Chapters 4, 5, and 7 evolved as a consequence of conversations between the two authors. . It will approach the issue from a political, economic and cultural perspective with an emphasis on the qualitative, positive contributions of immigrants. Some migration studies have been comparative in nature How the contemporary cohort of immigrants will impact American culture has become a source of anxiety in recent years Brimelow 1995; Geyer 1996; Lamm and Imhoff 1985; Huntington 2004; Swain 2007. Bureaucracies are not runaway trains.
Contemporary actions of law enforcement agents illustrate the potential for egregious violations of due process citizen rights. The choking death of Eric Garner in New York; the shootings of Laquan McDonald in Chicago; the shooting death of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri; and the death of Freddie Gray following a routine arrest, among other incidents, suggest that local law enforcement bureaucracies are not acting as responsible agents of the public. Introduction ; Economic perspectives on immigration ; Cultural perspectives on immigration ; Political perspectives on immigration ; Toward a policy of optimal immigration ; Conclusions -- The political economy of immigration policies and politics. Wrongdoing is likely to occur in the absence of such controls. Collaboration can be a painful process, especially between authors of different disciplines. Whistleblowing as a check on power remains a relevant topic for discussion. The article statistically explores the relative importance of program characteristics in the status of the top 50 institutions.