Preference of dissonance reduction modes as a function of their order, familiarity and reversibility. Five studies tested whether the value experienced from regulatory fit can transfer to a subsequent evaluation of an object. The model predicts that a when people know the views of the audience and are unconstrained by past commitments, they will rely on the low-effort acceptability heuristic and simply shift their views toward those of the prospective audi-ence, b when people do not know the views of the audience and are unconstrained by past commit-ments, they will be motivated to think in relatively flexible, multidimensional ways preemptive self-criticism , and c when people are accountable for positions to which they feel committed, they will devote the majority of their mental effort to justifying those positions defensive bolstering. Spreading of alternatives research has implications for life satisfaction, interpersonal relationships, gambling, smoking, and many other issues. We know that situations that induce cause a variety of interesting behaviors in humans.
Search for the paragraph beginning with 'The absence of increased anterior cingulate activation. Information about spatial location based on knowledge about efference. Cognitive restructuring and attitude change. Details: Master and use copy. The findings supported a value confusion account of transfer. Memories are also affected by choice, such that individuals incorrectly remember more positive features of chosen options and more negative features of rejected options. From good intentions to willpower.
Journal of Research in Personality, 25, 108— 134. The motivation to be accurate enhances use of those beliefs and strategies that are considered most appropriate, wherea. The model is an intuitionist model in that it states that moral judgment is generally the result of quick, automatic evaluations intuitions. Psychological Review, 72, 373— 384. Multiple perspectives in person perception and theorizing. The experiment yielded results supportive of these 3 predictions.
Description: xiv, 349 pages ; 24 cm. Many products and services offer Lexile measures for their books and reading materials. When there is an inconsistency between attitudes or behaviors dissonance , something must change to eliminate the dissonance. In cognitive dissonance theory, there are several underlying themes, most notably that of religion in cognitive dissonance. Although the vast majority of books that have Lexile measures did not change, a small subset of books required updated Lexile measures. The model predicts that a when people k.
Summary copied from last paragraph It appears that extended exposure to cognitive dissonance ignites an initial emotional reaction that is then mediated by the rationalization process. A new look at selective exposure. Many writers have criticized cognitive social psychology for its apparent indifference to the interpersonal and institutional settings within which people make judgments and choices e. Please note that the Lexile measures for a small population of books have been recently updated. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 28, 355— 359.
Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 58, 203-210. The psychology of interpersonal relations. To the contrary, when people only fantasize about a desired future or only reflect on present reality, expectancy-independent moderate goal commitment emerges. If the situation cannot be controlled or changed by the person, they may have less motivation to reduce or regulate their anger, and other emotions may arise. Most theories in social and political psychology stress self-interest, intergroup conflict, ethnocentrism, homophily, ingroup bias, outgroup antipathy, dominance, and resistance. Hopefully that makes my original paragraph a little clearer. The E-mail message field is required.
Attributes of decision alternatives also become more coherent or more related with each other following decisions. Links from this theory to other theories , External links , Wikipedia entry , Twente University entry Original Contributor s Anna Alon Please feel free to make modifications to this site. Postdecision evaluation of choice alternatives as a function of valence of alternatives, choice, and expected delay of choice consequences. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 58, 203— 210. Attitude change as a function of response restriction.
More recently, Chaiken, GinerSorolla, and Chen 1996, p. People approach pleasure and avoid pain. The emotional dog and its rational tail: A social intuitionist approach to moral judgment. But do we know why relieving cognitive dissonance is such a powerful motivator? In experiments on spreading of alternatives, people are induced to make an easy or difficult decision. Correlational and experimental evidence supports the predictions of the model. Regulatory fit would still be an important psychological variable and the phenomenon of fit increasing v. To learn more, see our.
The social intuitionist model is presented as an alternative to rationalist models. In addition to being pervasively evident in recent studies of normal human cognition, these three biases are found in actively functioning, higher level organizations of knowledge, perhaps best exemplified by theoretical paradigms in science. The emotional dog and its rational tail: A social intuitionist approach to moral judgment. Cognitive dissonance: Progress on a pivotal theory in social psychology. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1.